Guide to Australian HIV Laws and Policies for Healthcare Professionals

Antenatal testing


Women contemplating pregnancy or seeking antenatal care should be made aware of the benefits of diagnosis of HIV infection and management, and that there is a high risk of mother-to-child transmission which can be almost entirely eliminated with the prevention strategies which are available for both the mother and the infant.

For more information about recommended clinical practice for antenatal care, refer to the National HIV Testing Policy states that state that antenatal testing should be recommended for all women and must only be performed with the informed consent of the woman [1] and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) guidelines state that, in the absence of complications ‘all pregnant women should be recommended to have HIV screening at the first antenatal visit’ [2]


  1. Australian Government. Department of Health and Ageing: National HIV Testing Policy 2017 (last accessed November 2018)
  2. The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. College statement. Antenatal screening tests. Statement No. C-Obs 3. July 2016